|Premier Wen Jiabao Meets with Journalists, Talking about 3 Achievements of His Visit to India|
On April 12, 2005, Premier Wen Jiabao met with heads from major Indian media and foreign journalists in India and answered their questions in the hotel he descended before completing his four-nation tour to South Asia.
The journalist from Indo-Asian News Service, "Would you please introduce what you have achieved during your visit to India? Moreover, will the nuclear cooperation between China and Pakistan affect China-India relations and regional situation?"
A: My visit to India is a very important one. There are three major achievements. First, the Chinese government and the Indian government signed the joint statement, announcing the establishment of the strategic partnership for peace and prosperity. That means that China-India relationship will be raised to a new height. Second, both sides signed the Agreement on Political Guiding Principles for Resolving the Boundary Issue between China and India. This is the first political guiding document for the boundary issue signed by both sides since the negotiation concerning the boundary issue was resumed in 1981, indicating that the negotiation on the boundary issue between China and India entered a new stage. Third, both sides passed the Five-Year Plan for Comprehensive Economic and Trade Cooperation between China and India, setting up a goal to raise the trade volume between two nations to US$ 20 billion by 2008 and to US$30 billion by 2010. I exchanged in-depth views with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and other Indian leaders on bilateral relations and related international issues. We have reached broad common consensus. This year is the 55th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between China and India. Both sides decided that the next year would be China-India Friendly Year and the exchange events for China-India Cultural Month would start this year. The artist performance last night presented Chinese songs, dance and acrobatics. When I sent off Prime Minister Singh, he said to meaningfully, 'We have started to create new history together from now.' "
Concerning your second question, I'd like to say three points. First, the nuclear cooperation between China and Pakistan is completely for peaceful purposes. One of the best examples is the Chashma nuclear power plant. Second, China and Pakistan comply with the relevant rules of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). Third, the nuclear cooperation between China and Pakistan is willing to accept the supervision by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
The journalist from Hindustan News, "the issue of Sikkim has been resolved. When will China and India start the border trade in this region? And on the basis of this, how to reduce the tension in the boundary region so as to help our two countries better resolve the disputes over the boundary issue?"
A: It is well known that the issue of Sikkim is no longer the problem between China and India. This is the common consensus reached by the leaders of both countries. As for the border trade issue, the Chinese government is planning and building border trade market on the Chinese side. We hope that both sides can realize the border trade cooperation as early as possible. It is in the interests of the two countries. In order to maintain the stability of the border, we have adopted a series of measures including those aimed at fundamentally resolving the boundary issues left by the history and maintaining the peace of the border. With our unswerving efforts, we will certainly turn the border between China and India into a friendly and peaceful link between us so long as we are sincere and patient.
The journalist from the Associated Press, "The demonstration against the indicent of Japanese teaching books was held recently in China. What influence will this bring upon China-Japan relationship? What is China's opinion of Japan's appeal to be one member of the United Nation Security Council?"
A: The core problem of China-Japan relations is that Japan should rightly treat the issues left by the history. The invasion war launched by Japan last century brought severe calamity to the people not only in China and Asia, but also in the world. Recently the civilians in some neighboring countries including China voluntarily organized demonstrations against Japan in pursuit of becoming a permanent member in the United Nation Security Council. Facing such strong response from the Asian people, the Japanese authorities should have profound self-examination. Only the country respecting the history, with the courage to take responsibility for the history and obtaining the trust of the people in Asia and the world could play greater role in the international affairs. China and Japan are near neighbors. It is the conclusion drawn from the history that China and Japan should maintain friendly relations. We should regard the history as a mirror and look into the future so as to continuously develop the friendly cooperation between China and Japan.
The journalist from the People's Daily of China, "During this visit to South Asia, the issue of economy and trade is always an important subject. In what aspects, do you think, the economic complementarities are reflected? How can China utilize such kind of complementarities to develop the cooperation with South Asia?"
A: During the visit to South Asia, we signed more than 50 bilateral agreements with the countries I visited, Most of which are related to the economic and trade cooperation. Firstly, I would like to say that the economic and trade relations between China and the countries of South Asia are established on the basis of equality and mutual interests. At present, the economic and trade scale between China and the countries of South Asia are relatively small, but there are great potentials for cooperation. Our guideline is to make good use of the complementarities. We will adopt different cooperation methods and identify different cooperation fields for different situations. First, besides expanding the economic and trade cooperation, we will expand the cooperation with India in the high-tech industry. India boasts developed software industry. China has larger equipment manufacturing industry and hardware industry. China and India could develop the cooperation in this field in an all-round manner. We will strengthen the cooperation with Pakistan mainly in the fields of infrastructure construction and mineral resources. As for Sri Lanka, besides expanding the economic and trade relations, China will make the utmost efforts to provide assistance to the tsunami-stricken area in Sri Lanka. Before my visit, the fund and relief goods of CNY 166 million have been provided to Sri Lanka. At this time, we added a volunteer fund of CNY 50 million for further assistance. We also sent the donation of US$ 8.7 million from the civilians to help build China-Sri Lanka Friendship village of. We will participate in road, railway and port construction in Sri Lanka. We are also going to help Sri Lanka establish an earthquake station network. We will strengthen the cooperation with Bangladesh mainly in agriculture and textile industry.
The journalist from The Pioneer of India, "What is China's view on the cooperation between India, China and Russia? Will the three countries become one pole in the world though the dialogue and cooperation at different levels?"
A: China, India and Russia are countries with influence. We have the same or similar positions and concerns in such issues as promoting the democratization of international relations and maintaining international security and stability. The three countries communicate, coordinate and cooperate on the issues of common concerns, which will be conducive to maintaining regional and global peace and stability. We are optimistic about this. I'd like to particularly emphasize that the communications and the cooperation between China, India and Russia are not alignment or targeted at any country.
The journalist from CNN of the U.S., "What is China's view on the cooperation in South Asia, especially on the South Asian Association Regional Cooperation (SAARC)? Will China plan to play a role in SAARC? Should India also play a role in other regional organizations?"
A: China holds positive attitude on the greater role of SAARC and the regional cooperation in South Asia. China is willing to maintain sound cooperation with SAARC, and play a constructive role in the peace and stability of South Asia. China welcomes India to establish relations and develop the cooperation with other international organizations including Shanghai Cooperation Organization. China also attaches importance to India's wish to establish relationship with ASEAN 10+3 cooperation. We are willing to talk with India on the cooperation between India and of East Asia.
The journalist from New Delhi TV, "I have several questions. Could you explain what is the socialism with Chinese characteristics? Second, what is China's position on hot money? Will China adjust the exchange rate mechanism of RMB in the new future, or never consider it?"
A: The socialism with Chinese characteristics, in economic sense, is to build socialist market economic system and let the market to play the fundamental role in resources collocation under the macro-control and regulation. With regard to the problem of the exchange rate of RMB, we have clarified our views on several occasions. Based on the reality in China, China will adopt a manageable floating exchange rate system for RMB according to the demands of the market. We will continue to promote the reform of the exchange rate forming mechanism so that the market will be more flexible. I do not agree to let hot money flow into China. I want to advise those people not to do it for it is not beneficial for them in the end.
The journalist from the Times of India, "What is China's position on India's appeal to become a permanent member of the United Nation Security Council?"
A: We pay high attention to India's important role in the international affairs. India is a country with a large population and an important developing country. We fully understand and support India's wish to play bigger roles in the international affairs as well as in the United Nations.