|Premier Wen Jiabao Holds Talks with His Indian Counterpart Manmohan Singh|
On the morning of April 11, 2005, Premier Wen Jiabao of the State Council held important talks with his Indian counterpart Manmohan Singh for nearly 3 hours. Following the talks, they signed the joint statement of the two governments, in which both sides declared the establishment of the strategic partnership for peace and prosperity between China and India and identified a series of common consensus reached by the two governments in the hope to comprehensively expand the friendly and mutually beneficial cooperation in every field between the two sides. The two governments also signed the Agreement on the Political Guiding Principles for Resolving the Boundary Issue between China and India. Singh extended warm welcome to Premier Wen Jiabao for his visit to India on behalf of the Indian government and people in the first place during the meeting. He said that this year marks the 55th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between China and India and Premier Wen's visit at this time enabled both sides to discuss bilateral cooperation together and hence is of profound significance. His visit would become the milestone for bilateral ties.
Wen said that India is an importance neighbor of China. China-India relationship is one of the most important bilateral relationships of China. China-India friendship for generations not only accords with the common aspiration of the two peoples but also complies with the national interests of both sides. The win-win China-India cooperation of mutual benefit is of profound significance to maintaining regional and global peace and stability. Singh expressed complete agreement with Wen's comments on bilateral relations. He said that the relationship with China is one of the most important components of India's diplomacy. The Indian side considers and handles India-China relationship not only from a bilateral perspective but also from the regional and global context. To constantly strengthen India-China exchange and cooperation is not only the common consensus of all Indian sectors but also the objective requirements for ensuring national development and people's welfare.
Wen put forward 6-point proposals for expanding China-India relations. First, to pinpoint political positioning and enhance the level of bilateral ties. Both sides should proceed from a strategic and overall perspective to deepen and consolidate the long-term constructive partnership between China and India in a bid to get the friendly ties between the two big developing countries closer. Second, to expand bilateral exchange and strengthen coordination and cooperation. To deal with increasingly complex international situation, China and India should continue to conduct strategic dialogues and other bilateral consultations, expand their cooperation in international organizations including the UN, promote the democratization of international relationship and uphold the legitimate rights of developing nations. Third, to deepen economic and trade cooperation and seek mutual benefits and win-win results. Both sides need to further the efforts to strengthen the cooperation in such fields as science, technology, energy, mineral resources, agriculture, environmental protection and infrastructure construction and sign the Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement through negotiations at the earliest date. Fourth, to expand cultural exchanges and increase the exchanges between the civil societies. To pass on the friendliness between China and India from generation to generation, both sides should carry out exchange and cooperation of varied forms. China hopes to host China-India Cultural Month and set 2006 as the "China-India Friendship Year". The Chinese side is also expected to invite 100 Indian youths to visit China with the goal to expand the base of friendly contacts between the civil societies. Fifth, to build mutual trust in security and promote regional cooperation. Both sides should strengthen the dialogues on security and expand military exchanges. They should reduce armed forces in the boundary area and expand the cooperation in non-traditional security fields including anti-terrorism and fighting against cross-boundary crimes. Sixth, to promote demarcation negotiations and maintain the peace in boundary area. Both sides should proceed in the principle of mutual understanding and accommodation and respect history while considering reality to find a fair and rational solution to the boundary issue that is acceptable to both sides through equal consultations so as to make the boundary between China and India a link of peace, friendliness and cooperation. Singh expressed complete agreement with the 6-point proposals put forward by Wen Jiabao and responded actively and warmly to every point. He stressed that strengthening cooperation is the common wish of the two countries. He also expressed the wish to work together with the Chinese side to make the boundary between China and India a link of peace and friendliness.
The Chinese Premier and the Indian Prime Minister also exchanged views on the regional situation of South Asia. Wen welcomed the relaxing relations between Pakistan and India. He pointed out that the peaceful coexistence and equal treatment between India and Pakistan not only comply with the needs of both countries for self-development but also influence regional peace, stability and development. China is willing to see that India-Pakistan relationship is easing and supports all the efforts that help eliminate the tension and safeguard peace. China does not wish to seek any self-interest in South Asia and its development of friendly cooperation with South Asian nations is not targeted at any third nation. China is willing to play continued constructive role in promoting the peace and stability in South Asia.
Following the talks, the related government agencies of both sides signed bilateral cooperation documents concerning finance, customs, civil aviation, water conservancy, plant quarantine and other subjects. Wen and Singh were both present at the signing ceremony.
On the same day, Singh held an official welcoming ceremony for Premier Wen Jiabao at the square of the presidential residence. Premier Wen inspected the three-service honor guard of India and later dedicated a wreath to the tomb Mahatma Gandi.